Cancer can be labeled as a destructive force that can spread to different parts of the body and in most cases, prove fatal. While some cancerous cells may die at an early stage, many can travel to other body parts and create additional tumors.
After decades of research and experiments, there is still no cure for cancer, especially if the tumor is malignant – i.e. the cells have the potential to spread to a new territory. However, scientists may have found a way to reduce, if not completely eradicate the transfer of breast cancer cells – which might prove vital in reducing the death toll for malignant tumors.
According to researchers, electromagnetic fields can help reduce the spread of cancerous cells. As per a study published in Communications Biology, the electromagnetic fields can prove effective in controlling the locomotive ability of some breast cancer cells.
A team of scientists from Ohio State University have developed a tool, known as the Helmholtz coil, that has the ability to target cancer cell migration by applying a uniform amount of electromagnetic energy to the targeted area.
Even though the experiment was conducted in a lab, there is a high possibility it would prove effective while treating humans. According to the lead author of the study, Jonathan Song, the device mimics the body’s environment and helped them examine how electromagnetic energy affected the shape and movement of cancer cells.
Most importantly, the technique proved most effective with the metastatic triple-negative breast cancer cells – that are very difficult to treat. Generally, the cancer treatments work by blocking one or more receptors on the cancerous cells, however, metastatic triple-negative cancer cells do not have estrogen or progesterone receptors, making it extremely difficult to target them. Chemotherapy is the ultimate choice in such cases.
The study also concluded that the use of electromagnetic fields along with specific drug therapies, particularly the ones that targeted cell growth signals carried by the AKT protein, can prove more significant in the treatment and the ultimate cure of breast cancer.